Sara El Kareh
Most of us know what an IQ test is: it is several tests done by an individual to measure intellectual intelligence. When the person gets higher IQ results, it reflects his/her mental capacities, including learning and understanding abilities. These people do not have to make same mental effort, academically speaking, as those who have lower scores of the Intelligence Quotient (IQ).
Therefore, we can directly assume that people with higher IQ scores will live a more successful life, whether at work or in other fields. However, studies have shown that this isn’t true. Success requires several factors rather than just being “smart”.
In the 1990s, a more modern perception has been developed in full: Emotional intelligence (EI), also known as Emotional Quotient (EQ). Emotional intelligence is a concept measuring the capabilities of people in distinguishing their emotions and other individuals’ emotions, whether independently or as a group.
Higher emotional intelligence shows to have many advantages to a high EI people; First of all, a person with higher EI doesn’t face difficulty at all in building social relationships and maintaining them, as well as in going along with groups. Moreover, such individuals are able to comprehend their mental status, and therefore have the ability to manage anxiety efficiently and suffer less from misery or depression.
Although IQs and EIs seem to be very similar, yet they are not related at all. Intelligence Quotient has nothing to do with the way of a person’s understanding and the way people manage their own emotions and those of others (EI).
It is possible that one person has high IQ score, while low EI score, or the other way round. It is also possible that the same person gets high scores in IQ and EI, or low scores in both. Intelligence quotient and emotional intelligence aim at measuring people’s different types of intelligence, along with the person’s mind capabilities and how they build their personalities.
In fact, the only part of the “mind” in a human’s body that we can work on improving is the emotional intelligence. This can be done by learning and practicing innovative skills. However, IQ and personality are “stationary” and are more likely to never witness changes all through life.
Finally, EI can be measured only by monitoring the improvement of a person in his/her life, i.e. how a person develops social and long-term relationships with other people, what his/her skills are based on and how this same person understands his/her emotions and manages them.